• ADF

War in Ukraine, Part 2: Russian Annexation of Crimea (2014)


Russian forces occupy the streets of Crimea on February 27, 2014. For security reasons, none of the Russian soldiers wore any insignia indicating unit affiliations and nationality. Informally they were referred to as Russia's "green men".



2014:


2014, February 21: Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych flees Kiev during the night to Kharkiv fearing his safety as a result of the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution.

2014, February 23: Russian President Vladimir Putin tasks Russian security agencies to commence work on the return of Crimea under Russian Federation control from Ukraine. Fleeing Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych transfers to his stronghold Donetsk Oblast.

2014, February 24: Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych attempts to flee to Moscow from Donetsk via a charter flight until stopped by the Ukrainian State Border Service. The new interim government in Kyiv issues a warrant of arrest for President Viktor Yanukovych for ordering the killings of civilian protesters by the Berkut (Special Police) which functioned under his direct control.

2014, February 25: Around 400 pro-Russian supporters replace the Ukrainian flag with the flag of the Russian Federation on the Parliament building in Simferopol, Crimea. Former Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych arrives in Moscow by means of Russian military assistance arranged by Russian President Vladimir Putin personally.

2014, February 26: Pro-Ukraine protesters clash with pro-Russian protesters at the Crimean Parliament. Russian state television establishes the pretext that the cause for the clashes was as a result of the abolition of a law concerning the status of regional languages. Meanwhile in Russia, former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych purchases a luxury residence in Vladimir Putin’s exclusive resort, Barvikha Sanatorium, for US$ 52 million.


[Since Ukraine's independence from the USSR, the government of Ukraine was always scrutinized by the West for its high levels of government corruption, which included concerns about Ukraine’s unregulated sales of ex-Soviet armaments to conflict zones subjected to UN arms embargoes (mainly involving Russian arms dealer Viktor Bout). However, what the foreign audience of the post-independence Ukraine failed to see was the cause for Ukraine’s ‘waves’ of corruption. It is by no means a coincidence that government corruption was at its highest level every time a pro-Russian politician controlled the mechanisms of government in Ukraine, especially under the leadership of Viktor Yanukovych who basically headed organized crime syndication in Ukraine with the technical assistance from Russian organized crime syndicates. Through the mechanisms or organized crime, government corruption in Ukraine was in fact ‘weaponized’ by Moscow using Viktor Yanukovych’s political influence as the mechanism for self-enrichment. The fact that a person like Viktor Yanukovych who ‘grew up in the streets’ of Donetsk Oblast, with a history of multiple convictions and imprisonment for robbery and assault under Soviet rule, is testimony to the formations of his early life, and how he achieved the ‘impossible’ as a public servant to afford purchasing a residence to the value of US$ 52 million in 2014. Although his total wealth was never disclosed, it is expected to be in the US$ billions mainly derived from illicit activities. The bottom line is that Ukraine government corruption was high, and it did exist, but it was as a result of the influence exercised by the Russian oligarchy through Viktor Yanukovych, a Russian asset embedded within the Ukrainian government for the purpose of meeting Russian strategic objectives willfully while enjoying the financial rewards [illegally] gained during the process].


2014, February 27: Unidentified armed soldiers dressed in green uniforms occupy the Crimean parliament, again raising the flag of the Russian Federation. Village of Chonhar, Kherson Oblast, is occupied by unidentified military personnel and APC’s (Russian) to secure the bridge leading to Crimea by mining the Ukrainian side of the bridge approach. The Crimean government is dissolved, and the Russian politician Sergey Aksyonov is appointed as Prime Minister of Crimea after “consultation” with the President of Ukraine (in exile), Viktor Yanukovych, exploiting a legal loophole as per Crimean Constitutional requirements. Meanwhile in Kyiv, Arseniy Yatsenyuk (a politician, economist, lawyer and pro-European Union activist) assumes the position of Prime Minister post-revolution, leading a post-revolution coalition of opposition parties and independent members to form a new interim government. Immediately after being sworn in as Prime Minister of Ukraine and resuming control over the government while the elected President Viktor Yanukovych was in hiding in Russia, he distanced himself and his government from any further relations with Russia after Russia invaded Crimea in response to President Viktor Yanukovych’s ousting.

2014, February 28: The Prosecutor General of Ukraine, Oleh Makhnitsky, officially requests Russia to extradite President Viktor Yanukovych back to Ukraine to stand trial for the killing of civilian protesters in Kyiv during the Euromaidan uprising. Russia refuses to extradite Yanukovych without providing reasons.

2014, March 05: Former Ukraine President Viktor Yushchenko states in a French television interview that he supported the Euromaidan protests against the Yanukovych government. He also opposed the Russian invasion of Crimea, noting that in his view “Putin dreams of reconstructing the Soviet empire under the name of Russia. He is so obsessed with this that he has not understood power balance”. He further stated that Crimea is not Russian, but rather Ukrainian. He also confirmed his support for Vitali Klitshko (former professional boxer and current Mayor of Kyiv) during the 2014 Presidential elections, and described Yulia Tymoshenko as “the candidate for Moscow”.

2014, March 09: Ukrainian-born pro-Russian activist, Pavel Gubarev, an Anti-Maidan activist and a former member of the neo-Nazi Russian National Unity paramilitary group from 1999 – 2001, and former member of the left-wing populist Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine, proclaims himself the People’s Governor of the Donetsk Region.

2014, March 10: Pavel Gubarev, self-proclaimed Governor of Donetsk region is arrested on charges of separatism and illegal seizure of power.

2014, March 11: Crimean parliament and City Council of Sevastopol adopt a resolution to unilaterally declare themselves an independent Republic with the intention of joining the Russian Federation. Exiled Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych addresses the media in Rostov-On-Don calling for the Ukrainian Armed Forces to ignore instructions issued by the transition government in Kyiv.

2014, March 14: A bill is introduced to the Ukraine Parliament to denounce their ratification of the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) Charter Creation Agreement. The bill was not approved.

2014, March 17: The United States adds President Viktor Yanukovych to its sanctions list for his involvement in the facilitation of Russia’s annexation of Crimea, to include various criminal charges involving bribing of businessmen, MP’s, and members of the judiciary to the combined value of around US$ 2 Billion, all being indicated in their involvement in the facilitation of Russia’s interference in Ukraine. The US also adds Viktor Medvedchuk for his role in facilitating the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea.

2014, March 18: Russian President Vladimir Putin confirms the finalization of the Russian annexation of Crimea in the Russian Parliament. The United States and its NATO allies sanction Russia. This event marks the first territorial seizure in Europe by a neighbouring country since WW2. This annexation also paved the way for the first international offensive operation conducted by the Russian Federation which is now the Russo-Ukraine War that commenced on February 24, 2022.

2014, March 21: Ukraine signs the political part of the Association Agreement with the European Union under leadership of Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk.

2014, March 29: Petro Poroshenko confirms his running for President of Ukraine to replace exiled President Viktor Yanukovych. The elections were scheduled for May 25, 2014.

2014, April 02: Petro Poroshenko states during an election rally that if he was elected as President of Ukraine, he would be honest and sell the Roshen concern and his 5 Kanal television station. He also stated that the idea of Ukraine joining NATO was too small to be added to the agenda “so as not to ruin the country”.




To be continued / ...

Last Updated: 03 2300Z December 2022



 

Disclaimer: The ADF/FDA brands [full names withheld for security reasons] are privately managed and funded not-for-profit companies established with the purpose of supporting legitimate and approved governments and their respective defense- and security departments to bridge current national security challenges and limitations. ADF/FDA is not funded by any government, and the organization has no means of influencing any government policy directives. ADF/FDA provides an advisory service to its beneficiaries, and where operational assets are deployed, such services are provided at sole ADF/FDA discretion only, striving to remain impartial and objective, and free from any external influencers and/or influences. Although some discussions are considered controversial, ADF/FDA will not accept any responsibility, nor acknowledge, how ADF/FDA published resources may be perceived by its readers within any manner applicable to the reader’s own opinion, motives, level of subject matter experience, and education. ADF/FDA articles are only opinions intended to be informative for the purpose of thought provocation, and it does not represent any form of official policy whatsoever. The reader is free to conclude his/her own opinion based on his/her own understanding of the contents of any ADF/FDA published articles. ADF/FDA does not guarantee the accuracy of the information contained within this article simply because it is published within the public domain, and therefore vulnerable to remote, unauthorized, and unintended digital manipulation beyond the controls of ADF/FDA. All readers are advised to do their own research prior to developing any conclusions. Some information may be subject to copyright, and where ADF/FDA privileged copyright has been infringed, ADF/FDA does not accept any responsibility for any consequences resulting from the unauthorized use of ADF/FDA privileged information.

13 views0 comments